GSB 7.0 Standardlösung

Ongoing external research projects


Effects of the statutory minimum wage on wages and working hours

The study examines the effects of the statutory minimum wage on hourly and monthly wages, working hours and the volume of work as well as wage mobility for the period up to 2019 by carrying out descriptive analyses of wages and working hours based on the Verdienststrukturerhebung (Structure of Earnings Survey (VSE)) or the Verdiensterhebung (Earnings Surveys (VE)) and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). This is supplemented by causal analyses of the effects of the statutory minimum wage on earnings and working hours carried out using the SOEP. In addition, the SOEP is used as a basis to show the scope and design of secondary employment as well as the design of working time regulations and working time recording.

Contractors: RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung in cooperation with Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW)

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on employment and unemployment

The study focuses on the causal effects of the statutory minimum wage on employment and unemployment. In doing so, the study extends the existing findings on the short to medium-term effects of the minimum wage up to the year 2020. The analyses are carried out differentiated according to forms of employment, socio-demographic characteristics, regions and economic sectors. The employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency serve as the data basis.

Contractor: Evaluation Office Caliendo

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on individual employment movements and company wage structures in the years 2015 to 2020

The study looks into the causal effects of the statutory minimum wage on individual employment movements as well as intra- and inter-company wage structures for the period up to the year 2020. To this end, a linked employer-employee data set will be created on the basis of the employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency. The question of what effect the statutory minimum wage had on redundancies and intra- and inter-company mobility processes of employees during the corona pandemic phase is also part of the study. All analyses are differentiated according to forms of dependent employment, socio-demographic characteristics of the workforce, company characteristics and regions.

Contractors: Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA) in cooperation with Evaluation Office Caliendo

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on competitive conditions

The aim of this study is an in-depth analysis of the effects of the statutory minimum wage on the competitive conditions of companies. Based on the Mannheimer Unternehmenspanel (Mannheim Enterprise Panel (MUP)), the question to be answered for the period until 2018 is how have the intensity of competition and the corporate structure changed as a result of the introduction and the first increase of the statutory minimum wage. The effects on market entries, market exits, insolvencies and, in general, the effects on creditworthiness and the business situation and revenues will also be examined. Furthermore, following on from the previous study on the effects of the minimum wage on solo self-employment, the further development of this form of employment will also be examined.

Contractor: ZEW – Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on businesses and companies

The study continues the previous analyses based on the IAB-Betriebspanel (IAB-Establishment Panel) on the effects of the statutory minimum wage on businesses and companies until 2020. In addition to the IAB-Betriebspanel, the Betriebshistorikpanel (Establishment History Panel (BHP)) and the Linked Personnel Panel (LPP) will be included in the study and used for evaluations on the topics of productivity and profitability, relocation of parts of the business and company closures as well as founding. In-depth analyses on the subject of vacancies and hiring processes will be carried out on the basis of the IAB-Stellenerhebung (IAB-Job Vacancy Survey).

Contractor: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB)

Consequences of the Corona pandemic for minimum wage workers and companies affected by the minimum wage

This study aims to describe the effects of the protective measures resulting from the corona pandemic and the economic effects of the pandemic on employees and companies affected by the minimum wage. Using a qualitative research design and on the basis of approximately 50 structured interviews, it will shed light on the consequences for, as well as the reactions of and adjustments made by minimum wage employees and companies affected by the minimum wage in sectors of the economy that have a high proportion of minimum-wage employees, but which were affected differently by the protective measures and economic effects. The topics that study seeks to examine include the significance of the statutory minimum wage in coping with the economic consequences of the pandemic, the changes in the company work organisation and workforce that can be observed, and the consequences that can be identified for earnings, working hours and the preservation or loss of jobs.

Contractors: Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) in cooperation with Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA) and SOKO Institut für Sozialforschung & Kommunikation

Legal minimum wage and seasonal employment

The aim of this study is to identify and describe the effects of the statutory minimum wage on seasonal workers and their employers. The study focuses on the understanding of adjustment reactions, actions and motives for action, taking into account the respective contextual conditions. A qualitative research design with about 15 company case studies will be used, in which structured interviews will be conducted with company representatives and seasonal workers, as well as with experts. Among other things, questions regarding the working conditions of seasonal workers, the operational implementation of the minimum wage as well as minimum wage-related changes in the operational demand for and supply of seasonal workers are examined. Furthermore, minimum wage-related consequences for the internal wage determination and wage distribution will be examined.

Contractors: Prognos in cooperation with Qualitative Mind Research (QMR)

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on the receipt of social benefits

The study deals with the effects of the statutory minimum wage on the receipt of social benefits. On the basis of the sample of Stichprobe der Integrierten Grundsicherungsbiografien (Integrated Basic Social Security Biographies (SIG)), the study examines the extent to which benefit figures have changed as a result of the minimum wage for the period up to 2017. Descriptive and causal analyses will be used to examine not only whether people have stopped receiving benefits as a result of minimum wages, but also the extent to which the scope of transfer payments has changed for those who continue to receive benefits. The study will take into account different types of households , the interaction of benefit receipt and partner income in couple households and different forms of employment.

Contractor: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB)

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on poverty

The study focuses on the analysis of the impact of the statutory minimum wage on poverty in the period up to 2019. This analysis is conducted using the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) as a basis to examine the development of income poverty and the risk of poverty. The analysis also uses a microsimulation model to examine the impact of different levels of the statutory minimum wage on poverty and the risk of poverty, as well as on social benefits.

Contractor: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)

Effects of the statutory minimum wage on consumer behaviour based on the Income and Consumption Survey (EVS)

The aim of the study is a comparative study of consumer behaviour based on the Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe (Income and Consumption Sample (EVS)) for the years 2013 and 2018 by analysing the structure of household income, the consumption and saving behaviour of employees who earned less than € 8.50 before the introduction of the minimum wage and employees whose earnings were in the minimum wage range or above. Furthermore, possible shifts in consumption patterns due to price changes are to be assessed.

Contractor: Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut (WSI) der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung

Special evaluation of the consequences of the Corona pandemic for employees in minimum wage jobs using IAB HOPP data

The aim of the study is to examine the effects of the Corona pandemic on employees in minimum wage jobs based on the survey "Living and Working in Times of Corona" (HOPP) conducted by the Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB). Wage groups will be differentiated on the basis of hourly wages in order to be able to compare the consequences of the Corona pandemic for employees in minimum wage jobs with higher-paid employees. In particular, the topics of "short-time work" and "home office", which have come into focus during the pandemic, as well as changes in household income and employment status will be examined.

Contractor: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB)