Germany established a general statutory minimum wage on January 1, 2015. Since 1 January 2019, employees are entitled to a minimum of € 9,19 gross per hour.
The Federal Government has set up a standing Minimum Wage Commission to adjust the minimum wage amount. The Minimum Wage Commission is newly appointed every five years in accordance with Section 4 (2) MiLoG. It consists of a chairperson, six permanent members with voting rights and two advisory members chosen from the scientific community without voting rights. The members of the Minimum Wage Commission work on an honorary basis. For procedural arrangements, the Minimum Wage Commission has adopted Rules of Procedure (in German) (PDF, 913 KB, Barrier-free file).
For the resolution on adjusting the minimum wage, the commission examines in the context of an overall assessment which minimum wage amount is suitable to contribute to an appropriate protection of workers, enable fair and functioning conditions of competition and to avoid jeopardising employment. For its recommendation of a minimum wage amount, the Minimum Wage Commission is subsequently guided by collective wage developments (Section 9 (2) MiLoG).
Furthermore, the Minimum Wage Commission has a statutory mandate (Section 9 (4) MiLoG) to constantly evaluate the impact of the minimum wage on the protection of workers, conditions of competition, employment in regard to certain industries and regions as well as on productivity. Every other year, the commission presents the results to the Federal Government in a report together with its resolution.